What is cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers of the skin ( dermis and subcutaneous). Signs and symptoms include an area of redness that increases in size over a few days. The area of infection is usually painful.
The legs and face are the most common sites involved, though cellulite can occur on any part of the body.
Signs and symptoms
The typical signs and symptoms of cellulitis is an area that is red, hot and painful.
Potential complications may include:
Abscess ( a swollen area containing pus )formation
Fasciitis ( inflammation of the fascia of the muscle or organ)
Sepsis ( a serious condition resulting from the presence of harmful microorganism in the blood or the other tissue and the body’s response to their presence)
What causes cellulitis?
Cellulitis is caused by a type of bacteria entering the skin, usually by way of a cut, abrasion, or break in the skin. This break does not need to be visible. Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus are the most common of these bacteria, which are part of the normal flora of the skin, but normally cause no actual infection while on the skin’s outer surface.
Predisposing conditions for cellulitis include
insect or spider bite
pruritic (itchy) skin rash,
injecting drugs (especially subcutaneous or intramuscular injection or where an attempted intravenous injection “misses” or blows the vein)
The elderly and those with a weakened immune system are especially vulnerable to contracting cellulitis.
Diabetics are more susceptible to cellulitis than the general population because of impairment of the immune system.
Immunosuppressive drugs, and other illnesses or infections that weaken the immune system, are also factors that make infection more likely.
Chickenpox and shingles often result in blisters that break open, providing a gap in the skin through which bacteria can enter.
Lymphedema, which causes swelling on the arms and/or legs, can also put an individual at risk.
Diseases that affect blood circulation in the legs and feet, such as chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins, are also risk factors for cellulitis.
Cellulitis is also common among dense populations sharing hygiene facilities and common living quarters, such as military installations, college dormitories, nursing homes, oil platforms, and homeless shelters.
Antibiotics are usually prescribed, with the agent selected based on suspected organism and presence or absence of purulence.
If an abscess is also present, surgical drainage is usually indicated, with antibiotics often prescribed for co-existent cellulitis.
Pain relief is also often prescribed, but excessive pain should always be investigated, as it is a symptom of necrotizing fasciitis.
Elevation of the affected area is often recommended.
Steroids may speed recovery in those on antibiotics.
When homoeopathic treatment is given the main aim is to reduce the agony of the patient. As it is rightly said that homoeopathy removes the disease from its root cause as in homoeopathy the person as a whole is treated not just the disease. All the symptoms are taken into considerations while case taking. When the entire case is taken the constitutional medicines are prescribed.
A 43 yrs old lady visited our clinic with complain of recurrent boils in hips and breasts for the past 6 yrs. At the time of the visit the patient was mentally very disturbed as the boils were quite painful. The patient also suffered from right-sided sciatic pain so she avoided walking as a result of which she had gained tremendous weight. Pain was basically in the right loin area which aggravated during exertion. There was even swelling on the fingers.
Treatment history- the patient had consulted a number of dermatologists wherein she was only given antibiotics. Despite taking all the prescribed medicine there was no respite to the patient.
On recommendations from her friends, she visited our clinic for the very first time in 2019. The area was quite tender. She refused to allow us examine the boils as it was paining.
Past history – hysterectomy done in 2009 due to fibroid
mother – diabetic
paternal family- calcium deficiency
The appetite of the patient was good. Thirst was very poor she hardly drank water. There was no problem in passing urine and stools.
The patient feared closed spaces such as lifts as she felt suffocated. She was distressed with her condition
On complete case taking, the case was analyzed and a constitutional remedy was given. On her second visit, the pain of the boils was slightly better.