Sinusitis

Sinusitis

What is sinusitis ?

Sinusitis is the inflammation of the air cavities in the bones around your nose and eyes including the paranasal cavities.

So what are sinuses?

Sinuses are the hollow air cavities found in the bones of head and face. They are lined with soft, pink tissue called mucosa. Normally the sinuses are empty except for a thin layer of mucus. So in sinusitis we can see that the production of mucus increases as a result of which inflammation is seen in the sinuses.
There are 4 pairs of sinuses namely:
  • Maxillary sinus
  • Frontal sinus
  • Sphenoid sinus
  • Ethmoid sinus

 What causes sinusitis ?

Some of the causes of are:
  • Infection – in most cases the sinuses are inflamed as result of viral or bacterial infection.
  • Pollutants – chemical or irritants in the environment can trigger buildup
     of mucus Structural problems in the nose.

Symptoms

Some of the symptoms of sinusitis are :
  • Facial pain – dull in nature is seen in the affected sinus
  • Nasal discharge
  • Post nasal dripping
  • Bad breath from mouth
  • Ear pain
  • Watery eyes

Classification

  • Acute sinusitis – a new infection that might last upto 4 weeks
  • Chronic sinusitis – when the sign and symptoms last for more than 12 weeks.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is confirmed by advising the patient to go for PNS CT SCAN as in this all the 4 sinuses are viewed properly.

Treatment

General management :

  • Take regular stream inhalation
  • Do regular deep breathing exercises
  • Avoid taking cold, fried and sour things in diet
  • Take proper rest
  • Drink plenty of water to thin the mucus

Allopathic management:

The basic line of treatment given is :
  • Antibiotics
  • Corticosteroids
Surgery is the last line of treatment in patients where one can see recurrent episodes of sinusitis.

Homoeopathic management:

It is always advisable to take the homoeopathic medicine after consulting a registered homoeopath as he will take your case completely then prescribe you medicines that will help you to recover holistically. Some of the medicine generally given in a cases of sinusitis are:

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